Do you treat your milk teeth?
It is absolutely necessary to visit the dental office when the child has all the milk teeth, ie at the age of 3-4 years.
The doctor will assess whether all the teeth have developed correctly, whether the child has the correct bite and whether the beginning of caries did not occur. Do not delay your visit when any change appeared on the tooth, for example, a matte tooth-colored spot or a dark hole. It is a sign that the acids formed under the influence of bacteria in the mouth have damaged the enamel and can cause the destruction of the deeper tissues of the tooth.
Milk teeth require treatment and must not be underestimated. They have a different structure than solid ones, which is why caries develops very quickly in them.
Untreated caries of one tooth can quickly infect other milk teeth as well as high-level permanent teeth.
Sometimes it leads to purulent complications, which usually result in the removal of the tooth. And getting rid of the milk too early can cause a malocclusion.
When is the best time for your first appointment at the dentist?
You should go to the dentist when the child is six months old, when the first milk teeth appear (these are usually lower incisors).
The doctor will check whether the teething process has started and whether it is going well. He will instruct how to take care of the oral hygiene of your baby, or how to clean the gums and teeth, what to look for to prevent cavities.
It is worth checking every 3 months to check that nothing bad is happening in the child’s mouth.
Hygiene of the oral cavity at the youngest
- Before the first teeth appear in the mouth, clean the baby’s gums. The best-wound swab, lignin or a special cleaner applied on the finger, soaked in boiled water.
- Begin using the brush as soon as possible. Then the child will quickly develop the habit of brushing his teeth. Buy 2 toothbrushes tailored to the age of the child (for children, they are marked with the symbol “0-2”).
- One will serve the child to play and bite, thanks to which he will get used to the subject. The second is the same for brushing your teeth. When your child learns to brush his teeth with a manual brush, he can only use an electric toothbrush with a tip for children.
- Use only children’s toothpaste. There are fluoride-free toothpastes that you can wash your first baby milk with – your baby can swallow it safely and those with fluoride for older children. They are colorful and have fruity flavors, which encourages children to wash. Choose a paste suitable for the child’s age.
Brush your teeth at least twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. At bedtime, brushing teeth is the most important, because at night the concentration of cariogenic acids is the highest. At night, give your child to drink water or teas without sugar.
- Remember to systematically fluoridate your teeth. The treatment consists of covering cured and washed teeth with lacquer with fluoride. In small patients it should be repeated every 3 months.
- As early as possible, start teaching your child self-brushing teeth. Remember, however, that it should only be used under the supervision of an adult, so as not to harm yourself.
Tooth injuries can happen at any age and affect both milk teeth and permanent teeth. Particularly exposed to such injuries are the upper central incisors, so-called ones, which is directly caused by the fact that they erupt as first teeth and stick out while supporting the upper lip. Make sure you do what happens when your child crunches when playing at home or outside, breaks or breaks out a dairy or permanent tooth.
Stamped tooth. This is a total displacement of the tooth outside the alveolus. Most often it occurs due to mechanical damage.
If your child is injured by a tooth injury, you should go to the dentist as soon as possible. In the meantime, follow a few simple steps to increase the chance of maintaining the tooth in the mouth:
- Keep calm and find the broken tooth. Do not grab him by the root, try to hold him by the crown.
If you do not see any visible damage, after rinsing the tooth with saline, you can place it yourself in the socket (in the mijscu where the tooth was in front of the injury). Then, breathe the child a piece of gauze, tissues and immediately go to the dentist’s office, where the dentist will conduct further proceedings.
If you are unable to put the tooth in the alveolus yourself, place it in one of the following liquids: physiological saline, lens lotion, milk, saliva. Do not store the broken tooth in regular tap water.
The specialist will try to embed the tooth in its place and immobilize it for some time. Therefore, after a few days a control visit is necessary. During it, the doctor will check if the tooth has survived or died. If this is the case, root canal treatment will be necessary. Remember that after a tooth injury, oral hygiene is extremely important. It must be extremely careful so that there is no inflammation of the gum around the damaged tooth. Make sure that for a few days the baby does not get out of the pacifier or sucking on the thumb, he does not put hard objects in his mouth, so that he does not accidentally cause teeth to move. Enter a semi-liquid diet.
- Dislocated tooth. If the tooth has been dislocated, that is, it remains in the alveolus, but it is placed at the wrong angle, the child should get to the doctor as soon as possible (preferably within an hour). The dentist will assess the site of the injury and place the tooth in its socket in the socket. The procedure is the same as in the case of a broken tooth.
- A tooth pressed into the gum is a very common and scary looking injury. Although usually “clung” in the gum’s teeth, the child should see the dentist. He will decide whether smyk does not require specialist help.
- Crushed tooth. A fracture due to the injury of even a small portion of the tooth may or may not cause severe pain in the child. When the consolation breaks the tooth, it should be consulted in the dentist’s office as soon as possible. Treatment depends on how much tooth surface has been damaged. If a small piece within the enamel crumbled, the doctor will only smooth out its edges. When a large part has been broken, a parent should find it, place it in a container with physiological saline or saliva of the child and take it to the dentist. It will stick to the missing piece of tooth – provided, however, that the broken part fits perfectly with the rest. Otherwise the dentist will rebuild the tooth using a composite material.
Cutting the lip due to mechanical damage. When did your prickly kid turn over and cut his lip?
- Try to calm him down quickly
- Then, gently clean the wound with cold water
- Try to stop the bleeding by squeezing the damaged area with a bar of sterile gauze
Caries is also known as decaying caries. It usually appears unexpectedly and spreads rapidly to many teeth. The first symptom of caries is the innocuous white spots on the enamel, then it covers the next layers of the tooth and leads to the complete destruction of the dental crowns. This type of caries most often appears in children who are not teething early and whose mineralization process was too short. Factors conducive to the formation of dental caries in children is drinking fluids and eating foods rich in sugars (milk, juice, tea) before bedtime, or at night. Therefore, you should avoid giving children sugar-rich foods at bedtime.
Fluoride compounds in the form of foamy flavors, fluoride varnishes or pastes are used for fluoridation. Fluoride is very important for the health of milk teeth and permanent teeth. Tooth enamel is made of so-called hydroxyapatites, which are responsible for its durability. Fluoride reacts with enamel hydroxyapatites, which give rise to fluoroapatite compounds that are resistant to the acidic environment of the mouth. Thus, we obtain protection of the teeth against enamel demineralization and, as a result, against caries. In addition, fluorine remineralises small enamel defects and has an antibacterial effect.
Cauterization with silver nitrate
The treatment is used on milk teeth in very young children or non-cooperating children. It covers the teeth with silver nitrate with antibacterial properties, the preparation penetrates into the tooth tissue and inhibits caries. The treatment is rather curative than prophylactic but it can be used at the beginning of treatment to adapt the child to treatment. The only downside is the fact that teeth after this treatment have a characteristic black color.